Kiev Ballet-Taras Shevchenko Memorial Ukraine National Ballet "Swan Lake"
Kiev Ballet-Taras Shevchenko Memorial Ukrainian National Ballet:
Boasting a 150-year history, it is based on the National Academy of Opera and Ballet Theater( the Bolshoi Theater and the Mariinsky Theater) together with the three largest theaters in the former Soviet Union. With a wide repertoire from classical masterpieces to contemporary works, it produces many star dancers who lead the ballet world. Overseas performances are also prosperous, and have been performed successfully in Japan since 1972.
Swan Lake (Russian: Лебединое озеро, romanized: Lebedinoye ozero), Op. 20, is a ballet composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1875–76. Despite its initial failure, it is now one of the most popular of all ballets.
The scenario, initially in two acts, was fashioned from Russian and German folk tales[a] and tells the story of Odette, a princess turned into a swan by an evil sorcerer's curse. The choreographer of the original production was Julius Reisinger (Václav Reisinger). The ballet was premiered by the Bolshoi Ballet on 4 March [O.S. 20 February] 1877 at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow. Although it is presented in many different versions, most ballet companies base their stagings both choreographically and musically on the 1895 revival of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, first staged for the Imperial Ballet on 15 January 1895, at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg. For this revival, Tchaikovsky's score was revised by the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatre's chief conductor and composer Riccardo Drigo.There is no evidence to prove who wrote the original libretto, or where the idea for the plot came from. Russian and German folk tales have been proposed as possible sources, including "The White Duck" and "The Stolen Veil" by Johann Karl August Musäus, but both those tales differ significantly from the ballet.
One theory is that the original choreographer, Julius Reisinger, who was a Bohemian (and therefore likely to be familiar with The Stolen Veil), created the story. Another theory is that it was written by Vladimir Petrovich Begichev, director of the Moscow Imperial Theatres at the time, possibly with Vasily Geltser, danseur of the Moscow Imperial Bolshoi Theatre (a surviving copy of the libretto bears his name). Since the first published libretto does not correspond with Tchaikovsky's music in many places, one theory is that the first published version was written by a journalist after viewing initial rehearsals (new opera and ballet productions were always reported in the newspapers, along with their respective scenarios).
Some contemporaries of Tchaikovsky recalled the composer taking great interest in the life story of Bavarian King Ludwig II, whose life had supposedly been marked by the sign of Swan and could have been the prototype of the dreamer Prince Siegfried. However, Ludwig's death happened 10 years after the first performance of the ballet.
Begichev commissioned the score of Swan Lake from Tchaikovsky in May 1875 for 800 rubles. Tchaikovsky worked with only a basic outline from Julius Reisinger of the requirements for each dance. However, unlike the instructions for the scores of The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker, no written instruction is known to have survived.
Kiev National Ballet performs works of classical ballet and tours internationally. It currently has 24 ballets in its repertory, one of the largest in the world, and has had many notable dancers among its members.
The National Opera of Ukraine, a performing arts theatre with a resident opera company, was established in 1867. It also included a small resident troupe of ballet dancers, who would perform mainly folk-style dancing during opera productions. By 1893, this grew to a troupe large enough to stage large ballets. Folk dancing and ballets with Ukrainian stories were among the early productions.
During the 1910s, the dance scene in Kiev saw a rapid development in classical ballet and contemporary dance training and performance. Mikhail Mordkin, a former soloist with the Bolshoi Ballet, travelled to Kiev with a troupe and gave performances with Art Nouveau approaches, containing Spanish and Oriental themes. He was hired by the experimental Kiev Young Theatre between 1916 and 1919, and gained a reputation as an influential teacher of movement and dance.
Bronislava Nijinska, sister of Vaslav Nijinsky and a former soloist with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in Paris, fled to Kiev in 1916 to escape World War I upheaval in Western Europe. Her husband, also a dancer with the Ballets Russes, was hired as ballet master at the Kiev Opera. Nijinska founded a modernist dance school, the École de Mouvement, in Kiev. This was an influential step forward in Kiev's dance culture, exposing artists there to the avant garde of Western Europe. Following the Communist Revolution in Russia and Ukraine, however, Nijinska was forced to flee once more, to Poland, and the school disbanded shortly afterward. Her most prominent pupil while in Kiev was local dancer Serge Lifar, who went on to become principal dancer with the Ballets Russes in 1923, and was considered the most important dancer and choreographer of his generation.
The first full symphonic Ukrainian ballet, Mr. Kanyovsky by M. Verikivsky, was premiered by the Kiev Ballet on October 18, 1931. In 1935, the Kiev Ballet was awarded the gold medal at the London International Folklore Dance Festival. Also known as the National Ballet of Ukraine, the Kiev Ballet company began to tour internationally by the 1950s, primarily in Communist Bloc countries such as Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Hungary, but also to Britain and France. The Kiev Ballet was awarded the Étoile d'Or the French Dance Academy's highest prize, at the 1964 International Dance Festival in Paris. Performances by the National Ballet of Ukraine in Paris were considered highlights of the European cultural calendar for many years.
The Ukrainian National Opera Orchestra boasts the history and tradition since the birth of 1834 and is playing around the world. In the 1880's, the theater invited Tchaikovsky and performed the opera "Queen of Spades" "Evgeny · Onegin", etc., to succeed. In 1891 he performed his work under the direction of Tchaikovsky himself, and praised the theater as a theater following Kirov Theater and Bolshoi Theater. In addition, a variety of composers such as Rimsky - Korsakoff, Rachmaninoff, Guriel, Glaznov, Shostakovich are directing this orchestra.
In recent years it performed symphonies such as Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Verdy, Puccini and other operas, Tchaikovsky ballet, Beethoven, Brahms and Mahler. Oistrakh and Gilleslis and other great masters.
In 1989, Volodymeir Kojuhar was appointed as the chief conductor, and has achieved further development. Performed in various places including Germany, France, Poland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, and has received favorable reviews.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky ( Russian : Petr Ilic Cajkovskij [Pɵtr Ɪljitɕ Tɕɪjkofskɪj] listen to the pronunciation [ Help / file ] ; examples of Latin notation : Pyotr or Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky , 1840 years May 7 ( Julian calendar in April 25 day ) - 1893 November 6 (Julian calendar October 25 )), the Russia of the composer .It has become a popular composer due to factors such as lyrical, fluent and melancholic melodies, and luxurious orchestrations . It is also called a genius of rhythm, and there are things that can not be seen by other composers such as linking one phrase to development, raising a semitone , or lowering it. The song is fairy tale, with a rich romantic look.
His works are diverse, but he is especially fond of late-stage symphonies , ballet music , concertos and so on, as well as popular ones for orchestral music, opera, chamber music and solo music.
Tchaikovsky's delicate heart was turned to every weak one. Orphans , poor animals and animals, even homosexuality, etc., sometimes they spend time together to understand them. However, I used a lot of speculation because I used passionate expressions in my diary and letters about my deep love and sympathy for the weak. Biographical writers agree that Tchaikovsky was homosexual in many cases.
Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, 1840, in Votokinsk , Ural district , as the second son of a mining engineer. Tchaikovsky and Chaika to die grandfather Pyotr Fedorovich is (Чайка: Traditional Ukraine in the last name, seagull means) is a surname which was revised from, families currently of Poltava State had a territory to Ukraine - Cossack of She has a birthplace in the Chaika family. He has shown musical talent since he was a child, but his parents did not intend to make his son a musician, and at age 10, he entered the law school in St. Petersburg as a boarding student. In 1854 , the cholera mother Alexandra suffering died at the age of 40, Tchaikovsky received a big blow. After graduating from law school in 1859, he worked as a 9th literary officer in the Ministry of Justice, but Tchaikovsky was not so passionate about his duties as an official. 1861In the meantime, my sister, Alexandra, is married to the great noble family Davidov, who has a territory in Kamenka, Ukraine. Tchaikovsky loves the place of the Carmenka (Kamianca), visiting the land every year in the 1870s and composing a number of songs there. Tchaikovsky's brothers and sisters were in good shape all along and continued to support Tchaikovsky.
Up to this point Tchaikovsky has been on the road as an ordinary civilian officer, but in the fall of 1861 he knew the Teikoku Russian Music Association , which conducts music education with the introduction of acquaintances, and having entered into that class was a major turning point The The music class is the next 1862 years to Anton Rubinstein by the St. Petersburg Academy of Music was reorganized in, here Tchaikovsky earnest to learn the music, go devoted. Tchaikovsky, who decided to go on the music road in earnest, will resign from the Ministry of Justice at the age of 23 in April 1863 and concentrate on music. Tchaikovsky is uncommon as a major composer, and has received music education after receiving general higher education, so the start as a musician has become much slower than other composers.
After graduating from the Petersburg Conservatory in December 1865, he moved to Moscow in January 1866 and taught at the Moscow Branch of the Imperial Russian Music Association. Brother of Anton Rubinstein in September of the same year from this branch, Nikolai is Moscow Conservatory founded, Tchaikovsky was invited as theory lecturer there, became to take the teaching here the subsequent 12 years. Since then, Tchaikovsky has been based in Moscow, and even after his resignation, Tchaikovsky often stayed in and around Moscow. This year, he performed the premiere of Symphony No. 1 "Fantasy of the Winter Day" ( op. 13), and completed his first opera, "the regional secretary". In 1868, he became acquainted and became acquainted with Russian folk musicians in St. Petersburg, the so-called Russian five-piece set ( Millie Balakirev , Zesari Quy , Modest Mussorgsky , Alexander Borrodin , Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov ) . Although Tchaikovsky took a certain distance from their music, after that Tchaikovsky's music sometimes appeared to have a Russian influence. In the same year, she fell in love with the opera singer Desiree Artoo, and she went to visit her every night. This will be clear to everyone, and he will write to his father that he wants to get married. Even the engagement was broken the next year.
1875 , Piano Concerto No. 1 composer (Movies 23). Received a critical review of Nicolai Rubin sitin asked for the premiere, sent a sheet music to Hans von Bureau . The premiere by Bureau was a great success and played in various cities in Europe. Nikolai apologized to Tchaikovsky and he started to play this song as well. In 1876, the wealthy widow Najejda von Meck offered to provide financial assistance. A letter was frequently exchanged with Tchaikovsky, but the relationship lasted for 14 years, with the two never having met. The symphony No. 4 (work 36) composed at this time was dedicated to Mrs. von Mek. The Tolstoy also get to know. After marrying Antonina Ivanovna in 1877, the marriage failed and Tchaikovsky was mentally driven to commit suicide on the Moscow River . This year, the ballet ' Swan Lake ' was completed, and the opera ' Evgeny Onegin ' was also completed.
In October 1878, he resigned from the Moscow Conservatory who worked for 12 years to concentrate on composition. From around 10 years, I will move from Florence , Paris , Naples , Carmenka , and other areas around Europe, away from major works. In 1880 he wrote "The Strings Serenade " ( op. 48) and the overture "1812" (op. 49). In the same year, my father Ilya died at the age of 84. In 1881 his friend Nikolai Rubincitein died, and in mourning his death he embarked on the composition of the piano trio ( op . 50). It was completed the following year and premiered on the first lap of Nikolai. The manuscript says "A la mémoire d'un grand artiste" (for memories of a great artist). In 1885, the Manfred Symphony was completed. In February of the same year, he rented a house in Maidanovo village on the outskirts of Moscow and ended his traveling life. From then on until he died, he moved to nearby towns such as Phrolovskoye and Klin, but he lived in this area. 1888 The Symphony No. 5 and (work 64), ballet " Sleeping Beauty " (works 66) was completed. This year and the next day 1889He also performs his own performances throughout Europe. At this time in Leipzig, we warm up the old relationship with the former lover Desire Artoo. In April 1888 he moved to Florofskoye. 1890 , aborted the financial aid from the von Mec wife, Tchaikovsky received a big blow  . In 1891 he composed the ballet "The Nutcracker " (work 71). I traveled to the United States and appeared on the carnegie hall . I moved to Klin in April 1892, and this is my last residence. In May 1893, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Cambridge Music Association with Camille Saint-Saens , Max Bruch , and Edvard Grieg et al .
Symphony No. 6 "Sadness" ( op . 74) premiered on October 28, 1893 (Julian calendar October 16 ). Sudden death on November 6 (July 25 October) nine days later. There are various causes for death, but as described later, it is currently attributed to cholera and pulmonary edema . The funeral was decided by the Russian emperor Alexander III and performed at the Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg . The remains were buried in the cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St. Petersburg .
Leonid Sarafernoff is ballet dancer. He was born in Soviet Union Ukraine Ukraine (Ukraine) and graduated from Kiev Ballet School. In 2001, he got Moscow International Ballet Competition Gold Award and Benoit Award in 2006. In 2000, he joined the Kiev Ballet and Mariinsky Ballet in 2002 and worked as a principal. In 2011 he moved to the Leningrad National Ballet Company (now Mikhailovsky Ballet Company). Representative works such as "La · Sylpheed", "Swan Lake", "Pirate", "Sleeping Beauty", " Giselle ", "La Bayadale", "Don Quixote", " Etude " and " Ondine ". Guest performance for many ballets such as Milan Scala Ballet and Tokyo Ballet. In 2007 performances in Japan.
Ballet /ˈ b æ l eɪ / (French: [balɛ] ) is a type of performance dance that originated in the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia. It has since become a widespread, highly technical form of dance with its own vocabulary based on French terminology. It has been globally influential and has defined the foundational techniques used in many other dance genres. Becoming a ballet dancer requires years of training. Ballet has been taught in various schools around the world, which have historically incorporated their own cultures to evolve the art.
Ballet may also refer to a ballet dance work, which consists of the choreography and music for a ballet production. A well-known example of this is The Nutcracker, a two-act ballet that was originally choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov with a music score by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Ballets are choreographed and performed by trained artists. Traditional classical ballets usually are performed with classical music accompaniment and use elaborate costumes and staging, whereas modern ballets, such as the neoclassical works of American choreographer George Balanchine, often are performed in simple costumes (e.g., leotards and tights) and without the use of elaborate sets or scenery.
Ballet is a French word which had its origin in Italian balletto, a diminutive of ballo (dance) which comes from Latin ballo, ballare, meaning "to dance", which in turn comes from the Greek "βαλλίζω" (ballizo), "to dance, to jump about". The word came into English usage from the French around 1630.